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ARF, BNF, PNP, RTF - What Does It All Mean??

Posted by Motion RC on |

  • Category: Beginner Help
  • Motion RC aircraft are available in a variety of Product Formats to suit your needs. The Product Format and its three letter acronym are a basic designation which tells you two primary things: 1) what amount of assembly is required and 2) what is included with the model. The following table provides a brief summary of each Product Format. More detailed descriptions are listed below the table.

    Items Included
    Product Format Assembly Required Transmitter Receiver Battery Motor ESC Servos
    RTF - Ready to Fly Basic
    BNF - Bind n' Fly Basic
    FTR - Futaba Transmitter Ready Basic
    PNP - Receiver Ready Basic / Moderate
    ARF - Almost Ready to Fly Moderate
    ARF PLUS - ARF plus Servos Moderate
    ARF BUNDLE - ARF plus Electronics Moderate
    KIT - Airframe Only Advanced

    - ARF stands for "Almost Ready to Fly." An ARF is an aircraft that is "mostly" built with the exception of the main control and power system electronics. ARF's require you to purchase primary electronic components separately (motor, servos, ESC, etc). ARFs are for hobbyists who prefer a true build experience and/or prefer to put their own choice of electronics in the aircraft.
    Requires: servos, ESC, motor, receiver, battery, charger, and transmitter.

    - An ARF Bundle is an ARF model bundled with all the electronics you need to build the aircraft. While the required electronics are included with the airframe, they are not installed in the airframe. These bundles typically include servos, motors, and ESCs. The bundle simplifies your purchase and saves you money compared to purchasing the required electronics separately.
    Requires: receiver, battery, charger, and transmitter.

    - Expanding on the standard ARF format above, the ARF Plus model has all electronic components pre-installed, with the exception of the power system (the power system includes motor, EDF unit, and ESC). All other components, from the retracts to the servos to the lights, are factory installed. ARF Plus models are near ready-to-fly aircraft that give pilots the option of experimenting with custom power systems.
    Requires: EDF, ESC, motor, receiver, battery, charger, and transmitter.

    - BNF or Bind N' Fly aircraft include the ESC, Motor, Servos, and a Spektrum receiver all pre-installed from the factory. You must have a compatible Spektrum radio (sold separately) in order to "bind" to a BNF aircraft. BNF models do require some assembly, typically 1-2 hours of build time.
    Requires: battery, charger, and Spektrum compatible transmitter.

    FTR - FTR or Futaba Transmitter Ready is identical to Bind N' Fly except that it includes a pre-installed Futaba compatible receiver instead of a Spektrum receiver. You must have a Futaba compatible radio in order to bind to a FTR aircraft.
    Requires: battery, charger, and Futaba compatible transmitter.

    KIT - KIT typically applies to our helicopter models and describes a product which requires a more advanced level of assembly compared to an ARF. Our Scale Conversion Helicopter Kits require you to install your own helicopter mechanics to complete the assembly.
    Requires: servos, ESC, motor, receiver, battery, charger, and transmitter.

    - PNP or Plug N' Play products are near ready-to-fly models requiring typically less than 1-2 hours of build time. PNP models include the ESC, motor, and servos all pre-installed from the factory. Many pilots prefer PNP models because it allows them the flexibility to use any brand of receiver in their aircraft.
    Requires: receiver, battery, charger, and transmitter.

    - RTF stands for "Ready to Fly". Aircraft that are RTF come with everything you need to fly in the box. A transmitter, battery, charger, receiver, and all other required electronics are included and pre-installed from the factory. All you need to do is charge your battery, attach the wings and stabilizers (in some cases these are pre-attached) and you're ready for flight. While everything is included and pre-installed, RTF models can require 30 minutes to two hours of assembly.
    Requires: Nothing.

    - RxR is a Hobbico proprietary term which means "Receiver Ready" and is identical to PNP (see above).
    Requires: receiver, battery, charger, and transmitter.

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