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Understanding Brushless RC Motor Specifications

Posted by Motion RC on |

  • Category: Electronics
  • Brushless motors use a standard numbering scheme to describe their physical size and kV rating. For example: let's assume we have a 5055-3000kV Brushless Outrunner Motor. We break the numbers out as follows:  [50] [55] - [3000]

    • [50] The first two numbers represent the diameter of the motor's housing in millimeters; in this example 50mm
    • [55] The second two numbers represent the length of the motor housing in millimeters; in this example 55mm
    • [3000] The numbers after the dash represent the kV rating of the motor; in this example 3000kV. The kV rating (not to be confused with kilo-volt) is the RPM of the motor (k) per volt (V) with no load. For example, a brushless motor with a kV rating of 3000 powered by a 12V power source would be capable of 36,000 RPMs (multiply 3000x12). This is the max RPMs that this motor can reach under no load. A motor with a higher kV will have more top end speed, but not as much acceleration/torque. A motor with a lower kV will not be as fast, but will accelerate faster and have more torque.

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